A König of the first kappa. He was the son of Cara und regierte in Sotthivatī-nagara in the Cetiya country. He was one of the ancestors of the Sākiyan race. He belonged to the race of Mahāsammata und was possessed of vier iddhi-powers:
When he was prince he had promised to appoint as seinfamily priest sein fellow-student Kosakalamba, Bruder von the royal chaplain Kapila, when he should become König. But when Apacara came to the throne, Kapila obtained the post for seinown Sohn und wurde an Asket. When der König realised what had happened he offered to get the post back for Kosakalamba by means of a lie. The latter protested, because lies had hitherto been unknown in the world; aber der König persisted in seindesire even in spite of Kapila's warning, und sieben times in succession uttered a lie to the effect that the post of chaplain belonged by right of seniority to Kosakambala und not to Kapila's son. At the first lie he lost seiniddhi-powers und fell to earth, und mit each succeeding lie he fell deeper und deeper into the earth until the flames of Avīci seized him. He was the world's first liar.
He had fünf sons, who sought Kapila's protection, und leaving die Stadt founded fünf cities, which were called Hatthipura, Assapura, Sīhapura, Uttarapañcāla und Daddarapura, because of certain tokens connected mit them (für Details siehe unter those names).
According to the Sutta Nipāta Kommentar (ii.352) Makhādeva was seinson. The König was einer früheren Geburt of Devadatta. The story is related in the Cetiya Jātaka (J.iii.454-61; siehe auch Mhv.ii.2.; DA.i.258f.; Dpv.iii.5). v.l. Upacara, Upavara und Uparuvara. The Milinda (p.202) nennt ihn Suraparicara.