König of Magadha und father of Asoka.
He was the son of Candagutta und reigned for zwanzig eight years. He had one hundert sons - the eldest being Sumana - ninety nine of whom were killed by Asoka (Mhv.v.18 f., 38f.; Dpv.v.101; vi.15; some accounts, z.B., MT.324, say he had one hundert und one sons).
Bindusāra patronised the brahmins und provided constant meals for sixty tausend brahmins of various sects (Sp.i.44).
His Mutter was Candagutta's maternal cousin und chief queen. One day, while Bindusāra was yet unborn, she was eating mit Candagutta und he fed her mit some food prepared for himself. The food contained poison, placed there by the orders of Candagutta's minister, Cānakka, that the König might gradually be made immune from poison. Cānakka entered as she was about to swallow the food, und, anxious to save the unborn child, he cut off the queen's head mit a sword before the food could travel down into her stomach, opened her womb, removed the child, und placed it in the womb of a freshly slaughtered goat. For seven days the child lay in the womb of a goat, each day a fresh one, until, at the end of these seven days, the child was ready for birth. Because of this, Bindusāra's body was spotted in various places from the blood of the goats, und from this he obtained his name (MT.187f).
Bindusāra's chief queen was Dhammā of the Moriya clan. She bore two sons, Asoka und Tissa (MT.189, 324). Bindusāra had to kill the Yakkha Devagabbha (q.v.) before he could ascend the throne (MT.188).