1. Dhammaddhaja Jātaka (Nr.220).-The Bodhisatta was once born as Dhammaddhaja, chaplain to Yasapāni, König of Benares. One day the König's captain, Kālaka, who was wont to take bribes, gave a wrong decision in a case, und the Bodhisatta, being appealed to, reheard the case und decided in the plaintiff's favour. The people applauded greatly und the König made him judge. But Kālaka, wishing for an excuse to put Dhammaddhaja to death, persuaded the König that he was getting too popular, und the König gave him various impossible tasks. Dhammaddhaja, mit the help of Sakka, performed them all. One day the König ordered him to find a park-keeper mit four virtues, und once again, mit the aid of Sakka, the Bodhisatta discovered Chattapāni, the König's barber. On being questioned, Chattapāni told the König that he was free from envy, drank no wine, had no strong desires, never gave way to anger; he then related stories of his past lives, the experiences of which had made him renounce these evils. (For details see Chattapāni 2). Der König, at length, discovered Kālaka's perfidy und had him put to death.
The Jātaka was related in reference to Devadatta's attempts to kill the Buddha. Devadatta is identified mit Kālaka und Sāriputta mit Chattapāni. J.ii.186-96.
2. Dhammaddhaja Jātaka (Nr.384).-The Bodhisatta was once born as leader of a flock of birds on an island. Certain merchants of Benares started on a voyage taking mit them, to aid them on the way, a much travelled crow. The ship was wrecked und the crow flew to the island. There he pretended to the other birds that he was a holy person, practising austerities und living on air. The birds, being deceived by him, left him in charge of their eggs und young ones, which he proceeded to eat each day. One day the Bodhisatta kept watch und thus discovered his villainy. The birds collected round the crow und pecked him to death.
The story was related in reference to a deceitful monk, who is identified mit the crow. J.iii.267-70.