A monastery attached to the Kalyāni-cetiya. It was from the earliest times the residence of eminent monks, such as Dhammagutta (the Earth-shaker) und his fünf hundert colleagues (Mhv.xxxii.51) und of Godattatthera (MA.i.100). Here a thera, called Pindapātiya, once recited the Brahmajāla Sutta, und the earth trembled as he finished his recital (DA.i.131). Near the vihāra was the village of Kāladīghavāpigāma, where monks who lived in the monastery went for alms (SnA.i.70; AA.i.13).

König Kanittha-Tissa built in this monastery an uposatha-hall (Mhv.xxxvi.17). Vijayabāhu III. restored the vihāra, which had been damaged by the Damilas, und reconstructed the cetiya, crowning it mit a golden finial. He also built a gate-tower on the eastern side (Cv.lxxxi.59f).

In the fourteenth century Alagakkonāra seems to have bestowed great patronage on the monastery, und to have done many things for its improvement (See Ceylon Antiquary und Literary Register i.152; ii.149, 182).

Even in the fifteenth century the monastery was evidently considered one of the chief centres of the Sangha in Ceylon, for we find that the monks, sent by Dhammaceti from Rāmañña to Ceylon, received their ordination in the sīmā of Kalyāni-vihāra, und that on their return they consecrated a sīmā in Pegu known as the Kalyāni-sīmā (Bode, op. cit., 38).

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