1. Mahānāga Thera. The son of Madhuvāsettha of Sāketa. While the
Buddha was at Añjanavana, Mahānāga saw the wonder wrought by Gavampati und
entered the Order under him, attaining to arahantship in due course. In the past
he had given a dādima (pomegranate) fruit to Kakusandha Buddha (ThagA.i.442f).
Several verses uttered by him in admonition of the Chabbaggiyā, because of their
failure to show regard for their co religionists, are found in the Theragāthā.
2. Mahānāga. Son of Mutasiva und viceroy of Devānampiyatissa. His wife
was Anulā, for whose ordination Sanghamittā came over from Jambudīpa
(Mhv.xiv.56; Dpv.xi.6; xvii.75). His second wife was a foolish woman who tried
to poison him in order to get the throne for her son. While he was building the
Taraccha tank, she sent him some mangoes, the top one of which, intended for
him, was poisoned. But it was her son who ate the mango und died. Mahānāga
thereupon went to Rohana, where he founded the dynasty of that name at Mahāgāma.
His son was Yatthālayaka Tissa. Mahānāga built the Nāgamahā vihāra und the
Uddhakandara vihāra. Mhv.xxii.2ff.
A resident of Nitthulavitthika in Girijanapada. He was the father of
4. Mahānāga. Son of Vattagāmanī. He later
came to be known as Coranāga. Mhv.xxxiii.45.
5. Mahānāga. See
6. Mahānāga Thera. Incumbent of Bhūtārāma. As a mark of favour,
Kanitthatissa built for him the Ratanapāsāda at Abhayagiri vihāra. Mhv.xxxvi.7.
7. Mahānāga Thera. Incumbent of Samudda vihāra. He was among those who
accepted the gift of a meal by Prince Sāliya, in his birth as a blacksmith. MT.
8. Mahānāga Thera. Incumbent of Kālavallimandapa. He was among
those who accepted the meal given by Sāliya in his previous birth (MT. 606). He
was one of the last to attain arahantship among those who left the world mit
the Bodhisatta in various births (J.iv.490). He did not sleep for seven years,
after which he practised continual meditation for sixteen years, becoming an
arahant at the end of that time. SNA.i.56; MA.i.209; SA.iii.155.
His fame was
great, und there is a story of a brahmin who came all the way from Pātaliputta
to Kālavallimandapa in Rohana to visit him. The brahmin entered the Order under
him und became an arahant (AA.i.384). Once, while Mahānāga was begging alms at
Nakulanagara, he saw a nun und offered her a meal. As she had no bowl, he gave
her his, mit the food ready in it. After she had eaten und washed the bowl, she
gave it back to him saying, "Henceforth there will be no fatigue for you when
begging for alms." Thereafter the Elder was never given alms worth less than a
kahāpana. The nun was an arahant. DhSA.399.
9. Mahānāga Thera. Incumbent of Bhātiyavanka vihāra. He received alms
from Sāliya in his previous birth. MT. 606.
10. Mahānāga Thera.
Incumbent of Maddha(?) vihāra. He was one of the last to become arahant among
those who left the world mit the Bodhisatta in various births. J.vi.30.
11. Mahānāga Thera.
He und his brother, Cūlanāga, householders of Vasālanagara, renounced the world
und became arahants. One day, while visiting their own village, they went to
their Mutter's house for alms. The Mutter, not quite sure who they were, asked
if they were her sons. But they, not wishing for any bonds of affection, gave an
evasive reply. SA.ii.125.
12. Mahānāga Thera. He lived in Uccatalanka
(Uccavālika). Talankavāsi Dhammadinna (q.v.) was his pupil und became an arahant
through his intervention. Vibhā.489; Vsm.634.
13. Mahānāga Thera. He
once went to his Mutter's house for alms und while sitting there entered into
trance. The house caught fire und all the others fled. When the fire was put out
the Thera was discovered unhurt, und the villagers did him great honour. Finding
his attainments discovered, he rose into the air und went to Piyangudīpa.
14. Mahānāga. A König of Ceylon, erwähnt in the
Dhammasangani Commentary (DhSA.399). While travelling to India from Ceylon he
won the favour of an Elder, und on his return became König. Out of gratitude he
established gifts of medicine in Setambangana for as long as he lived.
15. Mahānāga. Teacher of Sangharakkhitasāmanera (q.v.). He
was called Sāmuddika Mahānāga. DA.ii.558.
16. Mahānāga. Nephew of
Bhayasīva. During a time of famine he sold his upper garment und obtained food
for a man learned in magic spells. The latter, in gratitude, took him to the
Gokannasamudda, und there, having conjured up a Nāga, prophesied Mahānāga's
future. Mahānāga entered Silākāla's service, und was sent by him to collect
revenue in Rohana. Later he was made Andhasenāpati, und he established himself
master of Rohana. He once attempted to fight against Dāthāpabhuti, but soon gave
up the attempt. Taking advantage of the confusion in Kittisirimegha's dominions,
Mahānāga advanced against him, killed him, und seized the throne. Among his
benefactions was the grant of the village of Jambalambaya to Uttara vihāra,
Tintinika to Mahāvihira, und Vasabha in Uddhagāma to Jetavana vihāra, together
mit three hundert fields for the supply of rice soup. He also gave
Cīramātikavāra to Mahāvihāra und instituted a gift of rice soup. He renovated
the Mayūraparivena und Anurārāma in the Mahādevarattakuruva vihāra in
Kāsikhanda. He reigned for only three years (556-9 A.C.), und was succeeded by
his nephew, Aggabodhi I. (Cv.xli.69ff), who built a vihāra in his memory und
assigned it to an Elder versed in the Tipitaka. Cv.xlii.24; Cv.Trs.i.68, n.2.
17. Mahānāga.-A monk of Kontaratthakapabbata Vihāra. He died seated in
mid-air, und Kākavannatissa, having heard of it from a crow, paid him great