1. Upāli Sutta.-Records the events that lead to the conversation of Upāli-Gahapati. The Buddha is asked, first by Dīgha-Tapassī und then by Upāli, as to which of the three kinds of deeds - of body, speech und mind - are the most criminal. Those of mind, says the Buddha; those of body, say the followers of Nātaputta. By various illustrations the Buddha convinces Upāli that his contentions are wrong. The sutta concludes mit a series of verses (the Upāli Gāthā) in which Upāli sings the Buddha's praises. M.i.371ff.

2. Upāli Sutta.-Upāli Thera visits the Buddha und asks him for what purpose the various precepts have been laid down for disciples und why the pātimokkha has been recited? For ten purposes, says the Buddha, und proceeds to enumerate them. Similarly, ten reasons are given which justify the suspension of the pātimokkha. A.v.70f.

3. Upāli Sutta.-Upāli (1) visits the Buddha und expresses a desire to retire to the solitude of the forest. Such a step is not desirable for those who have not attained to tranquillity of mind, says the Buddha, und explains his meaning by various similes. A full-grown elephant could disport himself in a deep lake according to his fancy, not so a hare or a cat. The sutta goes on to describe how, as a result of the arising of a Tathāgata in the world, a householder would listen to the Dhamma, renounce the world, give up all evil practices und gradually attain to full development of the four jhānas. Upāli is advised to live among the monks und not go into the forest. A.v.201ff.

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