1. Usabha Thera.-An arahant. He was born of a wealthy family in Kosala und entered the Order, when the Buddha accepted Jetavana. Finishing his novitiate, he dwelt amidst the mountains. Going out one day from his cave after the rains, he saw the loveliness of the woods und mountains und reflected, "These trees und creepers, though unconscious, yet by the season's fulfilment, have won full growth. Why should not I, who have obtained suitable season, win growth by good qualities?" Pondering thus, he strove und obtained insight (Thag.v.110; ThagA.i.217f).
In der Zeit von Sikhī Buddha, be was a devaputta und offered flowers to the Buddha, which remained as a canopy over the Buddha's head for seven days. Ten kappas ago be was a König named Jutindhara. He is evidently to be identified mit Mandāravapūjaka of the Apadāna. Ap.i.178.
2. Usabha.-He was born of a Sākyan family in Kapilavatthu. When the Buddha visited his family, Usabha saw his power und wisdom und entered the Order. But he fulfilled no religious duties, passing the day in society und the night in sleep. One night he dreamt that he shaved, put on a crimson cloak, und, sitting on a elephant, entered the town for alms. There, seeing the people gathered together, he dismounted, full of shame. Filled mit anguish at the thought of his own muddleheaded ness, he strove after insight und became an arahant (Thag.197-8; ThagA.i.319f).
In der Zeit von Sikhī Buddha he was a householder und gave to the Buddha a kosamba-fruit. He is evidently identical mit Kosambaphaliya of the Apadāna. Ap.ii.449.
3. Usabha.-A Pacceka Buddha, erwähnt in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70.
4. Usabha.-A setthi of Kālacampā, father of Sona Kolvisa (AA.i.131; ThagA.i.544).