Itivuttakapāḷi

Khuddakanikāye

Itivuttakapāḷi

1. Ekakanipāto

2. Dutiyavaggo

10. Paduṭṭhacittasuttaṃ

20. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Idhāhaṃ, bhikkhave, ekaccaṃ puggalaṃ paduṭṭhacittaṃ evaṃ cetasā ceto paricca pajānāmi – ‘imamhi cāyaṃ samaye puggalo kālaṅkareyya yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye’. Taṃ kissa hetu? Cittaṃ hissa, bhikkhave, paduṭṭhaṃ. Cetopadosahetu kho pana, bhikkhave, evamidhekacce sattā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjantī’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Paduṭṭhacittaṃ ñatvāna, ekaccaṃ idha puggalaṃ;

Etamatthañca byākāsi, buddho bhikkhūna santike.

‘‘Imamhi cāyaṃ samaye, kālaṃ kayirātha puggalo;

Nirayaṃ upapajjeyya, cittaṃ hissa padūsitaṃ.

‘‘Yathā haritvā nikkhipeyya, evameva tathāvidho;

Cetopadosahetu hi, sattā gacchanti duggati’’nti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Dasamaṃ.

Dutiyo vaggo niṭṭhito.

Tassuddānaṃ –

Moho kodho atha makkho, vijjā taṇhā sekhaduve ca;

Bhedo sāmaggipuggalo [mohakodha atha makkhāgato, mūhā kāmasekkhaduve; bhedasāmaggapuggalo ca (sī. ka.) mohakodhā atha makkho mohakāmā sekkhā duve; bhedamodā puggalo ca (syā. pī.)], vaggamāhu dutiyanti vuccatīti.

3. Tatiyavaggo

1. Pasannacittasuttaṃ

21. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Idhāhaṃ, bhikkhave, ekaccaṃ puggalaṃ pasannacittaṃ evaṃ cetasā ceto paricca pajānāmi – ‘imamhi cāyaṃ samaye puggalo kālaṃ kareyya yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge’. Taṃ kissa hetu? Cittaṃ hissa, bhikkhave, pasannaṃ. Cetopasādahetu kho pana, bhikkhave, evamidhekacce sattā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjantī’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Pasannacittaṃ ñatvāna, ekaccaṃ idha puggalaṃ;

Etamatthañca byākāsi, buddho bhikkhūna santike.

‘‘Imamhi cāyaṃ samaye, kālaṃ kayirātha puggalo;

Sugatiṃ upapajjeyya, cittaṃ hissa pasāditaṃ.

‘‘Yathā haritvā nikkhipeyya, evameva tathāvidho;

Cetopasādahetu hi, sattā gacchanti suggati’’nti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Paṭhamaṃ.

2. Mettasuttaṃ

22. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Mā, bhikkhave, puññānaṃ bhāyittha. Sukhassetaṃ, bhikkhave, adhivacanaṃ iṭṭhassa kantassa piyassa manāpassa yadidaṃ puññāni [puññānanti, (a. ni. 7.62)]. Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ, bhikkhave, dīgharattaṃ katānaṃ puññānaṃ iṭṭhaṃ kantaṃ piyaṃ manāpaṃ vipākaṃ paccanubhūtaṃ. Satta vassāni mettacittaṃ bhāvetvā satta saṃvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe nayimaṃ lokaṃ punarāgamāsiṃ. Saṃvaṭṭamāne sudaṃ, bhikkhave, kappe ābhassarūpago homi; vivaṭṭamāne kappe suññaṃ brahmavimānaṃ upapajjāmi.

‘‘Tatra sudaṃ, bhikkhave, brahmā homi mahābrahmā abhibhū anabhibhūto aññadatthudaso vasavattī. Chattiṃsakkhattuṃ kho panāhaṃ, bhikkhave, sakko ahosiṃ devānamindo; anekasatakkhattuṃ rājā ahosiṃ cakkavattī dhammiko dhammarājā cāturanto vijitāvī janapadatthāvariyappatto sattaratanasamannāgato. Ko pana vādo padesarajjassa!

‘‘Tassa mayhaṃ, bhikkhave, etadahosi – ‘kissa nu kho me idaṃ kammassa phalaṃ, kissa kammassa vipāko, yenāhaṃ etarahi evaṃmahiddhiko evaṃmahānubhāvo’ti? Tassa mayhaṃ, bhikkhave, etadahosi – ‘tiṇṇaṃ kho me idaṃ kammānaṃ phalaṃ, tiṇṇaṃ kammānaṃ vipāko, yenāhaṃ etarahi evaṃmahiddhiko evaṃmahānubhāvoti, seyyathidaṃ [seyyathīdaṃ (sī. syā. kaṃ. pī.)] – dānassa, damassa, saññamassā’’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Puññameva so sikkheyya, āyataggaṃ sukhudrayaṃ;

Dānañca samacariyañca, mettacittañca bhāvaye.

‘‘Ete dhamme bhāvayitvā, tayo sukhasamuddaye [sukhasamudraye (sī. aṭṭha.)];

Abyāpajjhaṃ [abyāpajjaṃ (syā. ka.), abyābajjhaṃ (?)] sukhaṃ lokaṃ, paṇḍito upapajjatī’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Dutiyaṃ.

3. Ubhayatthasuttaṃ

23. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Ekadhammo, bhikkhave, bhāvito bahulīkato ubho atthe samadhigayha tiṭṭhati – diṭṭhadhammikañceva atthaṃ samparāyikañca. Katamo ekadhammo? Appamādo kusalesu dhammesu. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, ekadhammo bhāvito bahulīkato ubho atthe samadhigayha tiṭṭhati – diṭṭhadhammikañceva atthaṃ samparāyikañcā’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Appamādaṃ pasaṃsanti, puññakiriyāsu paṇḍitā;

Appamatto ubho atthe, adhigaṇhāti paṇḍito.

‘‘Diṭṭhe dhamme ca yo attho, yo cattho samparāyiko;

Atthābhisamayā dhīro, paṇḍitoti pavuccatī’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Tatiyaṃ.

4. Aṭṭhipuñjasuttaṃ

24. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Ekapuggalassa, bhikkhave, kappaṃ sandhāvato saṃsarato siyā evaṃ mahā aṭṭhikaṅkalo aṭṭhipuñjo aṭṭhirāsi yathāyaṃ vepullo pabbato sace saṃhārako assa, sambhatañca na vinasseyyā’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Ekassekena kappena, puggalassaṭṭhisañcayo;

Siyā pabbatasamo rāsi, iti vuttaṃ mahesinā.

‘‘So kho panāyaṃ akkhāto, vepullo pabbato mahā;

Uttaro gijjhakūṭassa, magadhānaṃ giribbaje.

‘‘Yato ca ariyasaccāni, sammappaññāya passati;

Dukkhaṃ dukkhasamuppādaṃ, dukkhassa ca atikkamaṃ;

Ariyañcaṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ, dukkhūpasamagāminaṃ.

‘‘Sa sattakkhattuṃ paramaṃ, sandhāvitvāna puggalo;

Dukkhassantakaro hoti, sabbasaṃyojanakkhayā’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Catutthaṃ.

5. Musāvādasuttaṃ

25. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Ekadhammaṃ atītassa, bhikkhave, purisapuggalassa nāhaṃ tassa kiñci pāpakammaṃ akaraṇīyanti vadāmi. Katamaṃ ekadhammaṃ? Yadidaṃ [yathayidaṃ (sī. syā. ka.), yathāyidaṃ (pī.)] bhikkhave, sampajānamusāvādo’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Ekadhammaṃ atītassa, musāvādissa jantuno;

Vitiṇṇaparalokassa, natthi pāpaṃ akāriya’’nti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Pañcamaṃ.

6. Dānasuttaṃ

26. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Evañce, bhikkhave, sattā jāneyyuṃ dānasaṃvibhāgassa vipākaṃ yathāhaṃ jānāmi, na adatvā bhuñjeyyuṃ, na ca nesaṃ maccheramalaṃ cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭheyya. Yopi nesaṃ assa carimo ālopo carimaṃ kabaḷaṃ, tatopi na asaṃvibhajitvā bhuñjeyyuṃ, sace nesaṃ paṭiggāhakā assu. Yasmā ca kho, bhikkhave, sattā na evaṃ jānanti dānasaṃvibhāgassa vipākaṃ yathāhaṃ jānāmi, tasmā adatvā bhuñjanti, maccheramalañca nesaṃ cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Evaṃ ce sattā jāneyyuṃ, yathāvuttaṃ mahesinā;

Vipākaṃ saṃvibhāgassa, yathā hoti mahapphalaṃ.

‘‘Vineyya maccheramalaṃ, vippasannena cetasā;

Dajjuṃ kālena ariyesu, yattha dinnaṃ mahapphalaṃ.

‘‘Annañca datvā [datvāna (syā.)] bahuno, dakkhiṇeyyesu dakkhiṇaṃ;

Ito cutā manussattā, saggaṃ gacchanti dāyakā.

‘‘Te ca saggagatā [saggaṃ gatā (sī. pī. ka.)] tattha, modanti kāmakāmino;

Vipākaṃ saṃvibhāgassa, anubhonti amaccharā’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Chaṭṭhaṃ.

7. Mettābhāvanāsuttaṃ

27. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Yāni kānici, bhikkhave, opadhikāni puññakiriyavatthūni sabbāni tāni mettāya cetovimuttiyā kalaṃ nāgghanti soḷasiṃ. Mettāyeva tāni cetovimutti adhiggahetvā bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca.

‘‘Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, yā kāci tārakarūpānaṃ pabhā sabbā tā candiyā pabhāya kalaṃ nāgghanti soḷasiṃ, candapabhāyeva tā adhiggahetvā bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yāni kānici opadhikāni puññakiriyavatthūni sabbāni tāni mettāya cetovimuttiyā kalaṃ nāgghanti soḷasiṃ, mettāyeva tāni cetovimutti adhiggahetvā bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca.

‘‘Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, vassānaṃ pacchime māse saradasamaye viddhe vigatavalāhake deve [nabhe (sī.)] ādicco nabhaṃ abbhussakkamāno [abbhuggamamāno (ka. aṭṭha.)] sabbaṃ ākāsagataṃ [ākāsaṃ (syā.)] tamagataṃ abhivihacca [abhihacca (syā.)] bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yāni kānici opadhikāni puññakiriyavatthūni sabbāni tāni mettāya cetovimuttiyā kalaṃ nāgghanti soḷasiṃ, mettāyeva tāni cetovimutti adhiggahetvā bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca.

‘‘Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, rattiyā paccūsasamayaṃ osadhitārakā bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yāni kānici opadhikāni puññakiriyavatthūni sabbāni tāni mettāya cetovimuttiyā kalaṃ nāgghanti soḷasiṃ, mettāyeva tāni cetovimutti adhiggahetvā bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati cā’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Yo ca mettaṃ bhāvayati, appamāṇaṃ paṭissato;

Tanū [tanu (sī.)] saṃyojanā honti, passato upadhikkhayaṃ.

‘‘Ekampi ce pāṇamaduṭṭhacitto, mettāyati kusalo tena hoti;

Sabbe ca pāṇe manasānukampaṃ, pahūtamariyo pakaroti puññaṃ.

‘‘Ye [yo (sī.)] sattasaṇḍaṃ pathaviṃ vijitvā, rājisayo [rājīsayo (sī.)] yajamānānupariyagā;

Assamedhaṃ purisamedhaṃ, sammāpāsaṃ vājapeyyaṃ niraggaḷaṃ.

‘‘Mettassa cittassa subhāvitassa, kalampi te nānubhavanti soḷasiṃ;

Candappabhā tāragaṇāva sabbe.

‘‘Yo na hanti na ghāteti, na jināti na jāpaye;

Mettaṃso sabbabhūtesu, veraṃ tassa na kenacī’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Sattamaṃ.

Tatiyo vaggo niṭṭhito.

Tassuddānaṃ –

Cittaṃ mettaṃ [jhāyī (sī. syā.), jhāyi (pī. ka.)] ubho atthe, puñjaṃ vepullapabbataṃ;

Sampajānamusāvādo, dānañca mettabhāvanā [mettabhāvañca (sī. syā. pī.), mettavācañca (ka.)].

Sattimāni ca [sattimānidha (sī. ka.)] suttāni, purimāni ca vīsati;

Ekadhammesu suttantā, sattavīsatisaṅgahāti.

Ekakanipāto niṭṭhito.

2. Dukanipāto

1. Paṭhamavaggo

1. Dukkhavihārasuttaṃ

28. (Dve dhamme anukkaṭi) [( ) syāmapotthake natthi] vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Dvīhi, bhikkhave, dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu diṭṭheva dhamme dukkhaṃ viharati savighātaṃ saupāyāsaṃ sapariḷāhaṃ; kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā duggati pāṭikaṅkhā. Katamehi dvīhi? Indriyesu aguttadvāratāya [aguttadvāro (aṭṭha.)] ca, bhojane amattaññutāya [amattaññū (aṭṭha.)] ca. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, dvīhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu diṭṭheva dhamme dukkhaṃ viharati savidhātaṃ saupāyāsaṃ sapariḷāhaṃ; kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā duggati pāṭikaṅkhā’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Cakkhu sotañca ghānañca, jivhā kāyo tathā mano;

Etāni yassa dvārāni, aguttānidha [aguttāni ca (syā.)] bhikkhuno.

‘‘Bhojanamhi amattaññū, indriyesu asaṃvuto;

Kāyadukkhaṃ cetodukkhaṃ, dukkhaṃ so adhigacchati.

‘‘Ḍayhamānena kāyena, ḍayhamānena cetasā;

Divā vā yadi vā rattiṃ, dukkhaṃ viharati tādiso’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Paṭhamaṃ.

2. Sukhavihārasuttaṃ

29. Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā, vuttamarahatāti me sutaṃ –

‘‘Dvīhi, bhikkhave, dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu diṭṭheva dhamme sukhaṃ viharati avighātaṃ anupāyāsaṃ apariḷāhaṃ; kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugati pāṭikaṅkhā. Katamehi dvīhi? Indriyesu guttadvāratāya ca, bhojane mattaññutāya ca. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, dvīhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu diṭṭheva dhamme sukhaṃ viharati avighātaṃ anupāyāsaṃ apariḷāhaṃ; kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugati pāṭikaṅkhā’’ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati –

‘‘Cakkhu sotañca ghānañca, jivhā kāyo tathā [atho (sī. syā. ka.)] mano;

Etāni yassa dvārāni, suguttānidha bhikkhuno.

‘‘Bhojanamhi ca mattaññū, indriyesu ca saṃvuto;

Kāyasukhaṃ cetosukhaṃ, sukhaṃ so adhigacchati.

‘‘Aḍayhamānena kāyena, aḍayhamānena cetasā;

Divā vā yadi vā rattiṃ, sukhaṃ viharati tādiso’’ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti. Dutiyaṃ.


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