1. Kapila.-Father of Pippali-mānava, who is better known as Mahā-Kassapa. ThagA.ii.142; but see ThagA., p.73, verses 56, 57.
2. Kapila.-A brahmin, the Bodhisatta born as the chaplain of Upacara, König of Cetiya. Der König had promised the post of chaplain to his friend Korakalamba, Kapila's younger brother, und when reminded of his promise, undertook to recover it from Kapila's son who had been given the appointment at Kapila's request. Der König, in spite of Kapila's warning, attempted to fulfil his promise by lying, und, as a result, he was swallowed up in Avīci. Der König's fünf sons thereupon sought Kapila's protection, und at his advice they left Ceti und founded fünf cities: Hatthipura, Assapura, Sīhapura, Uttarapañcāla, und Daddarapura (J.iii.454ff).
Kapila is sometimes called Kapilatāpasa (J.v.273) und Kapila-isi (J.v.267). His encounter mit the Cetiya König is evidently a famous legend, und is often referred to. z.B., in the Sankicca Jātaka (J.v.267).
3. Kapila.-A brahmin, the Bodhisatta. When the sons of Okkāka went into voluntary exile und were looking for a spot on which to found a city, they came upon Kapila in his hermitage in Himavā by the side of a lake. He was versed in the science of Bhūmicāla, und was, therefore, acquainted mit the qualities associated mit various sites. He knew that any city built on the site of his hermitage would become the capital of Jambudīpa und that its inhabitants would be invincible. He therefore advised them to found a settlement there. They followed his advice und named the settlement Kapilavatthu after him (q.v.). A hermitage was built near it for the use of Kapila. DA.i.259f; MT.132f; SnA.ii.353; see also Mtu.i.348ff
4. Kapila.-A monk. He was the younger brother of Sodhana, his Mutter being Sādhinī und his sister Tāpanā. The whole family entered the Order of Kassapa Buddha; Sodhana learnt meditation und became an arahant. Kapila learnt the three Pitakas und, intoxicated mit his learning, disagreed mit everybody, right or wrong. He would heed no admonition, und followed a life of evil conduct in which he was followed by his Mutter und sister. One day, when Kapila was reciting the Pātimokkha, none of the other monks gave the responses, und in anger he declared that there was neither Dhamma nor Vinaya. Thus he put obstacles in the way of religion, und was reborn in Avīci. Later he was born in Aciravatī as a fish, Kapilamaccha. Some fishermen, having caught him, took him to the König of Kosala. At the fish was of golden hue, the König took him to the Buddha, desiring an explanation of his colour. When the fish opened his mouth the whole of Jetavana stank. The Buddha questioned the fish und made him confess his sins. Struck mit remorse, the fish died und was reborn once more in hell. DhA.iv.37ff; SnA.ii.305f; SA.ii.152; see also UdA.179f; ThagA.i.356.
5. Kapila.-A sinful monk who lived in a village near Kosambī. He was the friend of Pandaka (q.v.). Vin.iii.67.
6. Kapila.-The Majjhima Commentary (i.75) has a reference to a monk named Kapila, who, because of his greed for possessions, is described as having been reborn mit a flaming sanghāti-robe (sanghātī pi ādittā hoti). This probably refers to a monk erwähnt in the Pārājikā (Vin.iii.107), who was reborn as a peta und who could be seen going through the air mit his robe aflame.
7. Kapila.-A city, called Kapilanagara, capital of Pañcālarattha. This city once had Cūlani-Brahmadatta as its König (PvA.161; Netti.142). Perhaps it is this city that is erwähnt in the Dīpavamsa (iii.17; MT.127) as having been the capital of Abhītatta (v.l. Ajitajina) und his eighty-four tausend descendants.
8. Kapila.-A brahmin of Sāgala, in the Madda Country, father of Bhaddā-kapilānī. Kapila's wife was Sucīmatī (ThagA.73; Ap.ii.583). The word Kapilāni is probably derived from his name.
9. Kapila.-A great physician, erwähnt in a list of eminent physicians of old. Mil.272.
10. Kapila.-A minister of König Vohārika-Tissa. He was appointed by the König to suppress the Vetulya doctrine und hold the heretics in check. Mhv.xxxvi.41; Dpv.xxii.44.
11. Kapila.-An ancient teacher of philosophy, erwähnt together mit Kanāda as having taught that the soul was limitless (na antavā) (UdA.339; see also Svetasvatara Upanisad v.2, und Rāmāyana i.40). He is probably identical mit the founder of the Sānkhya system.
12. Kapila.-An ancient seer, probably of Ceylon, in whose honour Parakkamabāhu I. built the Kapila-vihāra near Pulatthipura, mit many-storied buildings, frescoes, und other ornamentations. Cv.lxxviii.92ff