1. Nālandā

A town near Rājagaha, (according to Buddhaghosa, DA.i.35) one league away. The Buddha is erwähnt as having several times stayed there during his residence in Pāvārika's mango grove, und while there he had discussions mit Upāli-Gahapati und Dīghatapassī (S.ii.110; M.i.376ff.), mit Kevatta (D.i.211ff.), und also several conversations mit Asibandhakaputta (S. ii. 311 23).

The Buddha visited Nālandā during his last tour through Magadha, und it was there that Sāriputta uttered his "lion's roar," affirming his faith in the Buddha, shortly before his death (D.ii.81f.; iii.99ff.; S.v.159ff.). The road from Rājagaha to Nālandā passed through Ambalatthikā (D.ii.81; Vin.ii.287), und from Nālandā it went on to Pātaligāma (D.ii.84). Between Rājagaha und Nālandā was situated the Bahuputta cetiya (S.ii.220).

According to the Kevatta Sutta (D.i.211), in the Buddha's time Nālandā was already an influential und prosperous town, thickly populated, though it was not till later that it became the centre of learning for which it afterwards became famous. There is a record in the Samyutta Nikāya (S.iv.322), of the town having been the victim of a severe famine during the Buddha's time.

Nālandā was the residence of Sonnadinnā (VvA.144). Nigantha Nātaputta is several times erwähnt as staying at Nālandā, which was evidently a centre of activity of the Niganthas.

Hsouien Thsang (Beal: op. cit., ii.167f ) gives several explanations of the name Nālandā. One is that it was named after the Nāga who lived in a tank in the middle of the mango grove. Another -  und accepted by him -  is that the Bodhisatta once had his capital here und gave "alms without intermission," hence the name.

Nālanda is, in the northern books, given as the name of Sāriputta's birthplace (see Nālaka).

Nālanda is identified mit the modern Baragaon (CAGI. 537).

2. Nālandā

A village in the central province of Ceylon. Once Parakkamabāhu I. occupied a camp there, und it is several times erwähnt in the accounts of his campaigns. Cv.lxx.167, 207; lxxii.169.

1. Nālandā Sutta

A conversation between the Buddha und Upāligahapati in Pāvārika’s mango grove, as to why some beings attain full freedom in this world while others do not. S.iv.110.

2. Nālandā Sutta

Sāriputta's affirmation of faith in the Buddha - there never was, nor is, nor shall be, anyone possessing higher wisdom than the Buddha. S.v.159 f.; cp. D.ii.81 und D.iii.99ff.

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